Wednesday, March 26, 2014

H κρίση φέρνει πιο κοντά ΕΕ και ΗΠΑ. - Επιβολή πρόσθετων κυρώσεων εάν η Ρωσία εμμείνει στην επιθετική της στάση έναντι της Ουκρανίας.

Αποφασισμένοι να δράσουν από κοινού στην αντιμετώπιση της ουκρανικής κρίσης, αλλά και έναντι της Ρωσίας, εμφανίστηκαν σήμερα Αμερικανοί και Ευρωπαίοι, στο πλαίσιο της Συνόδου Κορυφής ΕΕ-ΗΠΑ, στις Βρυξέλλες. 

Η συνάντηση διάρκειας δύο ωρών μεταξύ του Αμερικανού Προέδρου Μπάρακ Ομπάμα και των Προέδρων του Ευρωπαϊκού Συμβουλίου Χέρμαν Βαν Ρόμπεϊ και της Κομισιόν, Ζοζέ Μανουέλ Μπαρόζο, χαρακτηρίστηκε από τις δύο πλευρές εξαιρετικά θετική με ταυτόσημες θέσεις σε όλα τα ζητήματα που συζητήθηκαν.

Αναφορικά με τη στάση έναντι της Ρωσίας, ο Μπαράκ Ομπάμα δήλωσε ότι επιβεβαιώθηκε ο άριστος συντονισμός μεταξύ των δύο πλευρών του Ατλαντικού. Τώρα συντονιζόμαστε, όπως είπε, για την επιβολή πρόσθετων κυρώσεων εάν η Ρωσία εμμείνει στην επιθετική της στάση έναντι της Ουκρανίας. Η Ρωσία έχει ακόμη περιθώρια αποκλιμάκωσης της κρίσης, αλλά εάν δεν το κάνει θα υπάρξουν νέες κυρώσεις και περισσότερη της απομόνωσης της Μόσχας, ανέφερε.

Για άριστο συντονισμό ΕΕ-ΗΠΑ μίλησε ο Χέρμαν Βαν Ρόμπεϊ, επιβεβαιώνοντας και ο ίδιος ότι οι δύο πλευρές εξετάζουν πρόσθετες κυρώσεις εάν η Ρωσία συνεχίσει την επιθετική στάση της και την παραβίαση του διεθνούς δικαίου, όπως έκανε με την προσάρτηση της Κριμαίας εδάφους ξένης χώρας.

Απεξάρτηση από τη Ρωσία με αμερικανικό σχιστολιθικό αέριο

Σχετικά με την ενεργειακή ασφάλεια της ΕΕ, ο Αμερικανός Πρόεδρος εμφανίστηκε κατ’ αρχήν θετικός στο αίτημα των Ευρωπαίων για διευκόλυνση των εισαγωγών σχιστολιθικού αερίου από τις ΗΠΑ στην Ευρώπη, στο πλαίσιο των προσπαθειών απεξάρτησης από τη Ρωσία. Την προσεχή βδομάδα θα υπάρξει συνάντηση του Αμερικανού Υπουργού Εξωτερικών Τζον Κέρι με την Ύπατη Εκπρόσωπο της ΕΕ για την εξωτερική πολιτική Κάθριν Άστον, όπου το θέμα θα συζητηθεί λεπτομερώς. 

  • Πάντως, ο κ. Ομπάμα κάλεσε τους Ευρωπαίους να αναλύσουν διεξοδικά το θέμα της ενεργειακής τους ασφάλειας καθορίζοντας το μείγμα των προμηθευτών και των πηγών ενέργειας, ενώ όπως είπε, οι ΗΠΑ θα συνδράμουν από την πλευρά τους αυτήν την προσπάθεια της ΕΕ με σχιστολιθικό αέριο.
Στο τρίτο μεγάλο θέμα της συνάντησης που είναι η συμφωνία ΕΕ-ΗΠΑ για μια ζώνη ελευθέρων συναλλαγών, οι δύο πλευρές μίλησαν για επιτάχυνση των συζητήσεων ώστε να ολοκληρωθούν, προβάλλοντας το επιχείρημα ότι αυτό το επιτάσσει και η σημερινή γεωπολιτική κατάσταση. Διαβεβαίωσαν επίσης ότι η συμφωνία θα είναι επωφελής για τις δύο πλευρές και σε καμία περίπτωση δεν πρόκειται να αποβεί σε βάρος των καταναλωτών και του περιβάλλοντος.
Νίκος Μπέλος, Βρυξέλλες Υπεύθυνος σύνταξης: Στέφανος Γεωργακόπουλος
[http://dw.de/p/1BW7m]
26/3/14
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  • Remarks by President Barroso following the EU-US Summit
Press conference
Brussels, 26 March 2014
First of all, President Obama, it's great to have you here in Brussels, the capital of Europe, in the headquarters of the European institutions.
Your visit sends a very strong signal. First of all to the European citizens, in the sense of how important this transatlantic relationship is for Europe and for the United States of America; to the American people – and I would like to say to the American people that you can count on us as your best friends and allies; and also to the rest of the world. We remain committed and open. We are decided to engage in all global issues, from free trade to achieving the millennium development goals and to climate action. But at the same time we will also be firm in defending our common values: values of peace, freedom, of the rights of the individual, the rule of law, of international law. 

The European Union and the United States are working together to make sure that actions that are unacceptable will bear serious consequences. And in fact we can say that it is in this spirit that we have not only been working on issues like Iran or the Middle East peace process, but most recently on the crisis of Ukraine. We have discussed this again today, we are determined not only to safeguard and to support the independence, the prosperity of that country, but also to show that some kind of unacceptable behaviour cannot continue.
We also discussed – linked to this aspect, but not only linked to this issue – the importance of energy, of energy security, at ministerial level. Our teams are going to meet already next week to discuss some issues in terms of energy cooperation between Europe and the United States. 

A very concrete, probably the most concrete example of the deepening of our relationship, is precisely the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership, not only because it is the agreement that we are preparing for the most important economic relationship in the world. Every day, there is trade of 2.2 billion euros between the two sides of the Atlantic. It is not just because of the huge dimension of this agreement, but because it will be an agreement among equals. Not only are our economies equal in size, but our societies are equal in values. And I believe that to both our economies a new impulse of this Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership, will be very important to give a decisive injection of dynamism. And indeed even increase the potential for growth, not only for big business, but also for small and medium-sized businesses, for every household there are great potentials in terms of job creation on both sides of the Atlantic, if we do it right. And today we have confirmed that we are determined at the highest level to make it happen and to make it a success, not only for us, but also for the global economy.
Thank you.
[europa.eu]
 26/3/14

6 comments :

  1. EU and US consider 'deeper sanctions' against Russia...

    The US and EU are discussing "deeper sanctions" against Russia if there are "further incursions into Ukraine".US President Barack Obama said "energy is obviously a central focus of our efforts", acknowledging it "will have some impact on the global economy".

    He was speaking after talks in Brussels with EU leaders Jose Manuel Barroso and Herman Van Rompuy.

    At a news conference the three men spoke of the special relationship between the transatlantic partners.

    Mr Obama said: "The world is safer and more just when Europe and America stand as one". Mr Van Rompuy, European Council president, called it a "crucial" relationship.

    Their talks at the headquarters of the 28-nation EU bloc also covered plans to finalise a transatlantic trade partnership, as well as efforts to tackle Iran's nuclear programme and Syria's chemical weapons.
    High tensions

    Mr Obama praised the EU for the steps it had already taken - along with the US - to penalise Russia. These have included visa bans and asset freezes against a number of Russian officials.

    He said those actions were taken after Russian forces moved in to annex Crimea, and they now must consider "the potential for additional, deeper sanctions" should Moscow attempt to do the same in other parts of Ukraine.

    "We recognise that in order for Russia to feel the impact of these sanctions, it will have some impact on the global economy as well as on all the countries represented here today," Mr Obama said.

    Acknowledging that some EU countries are more dependent than others on Russia for energy, he said "this entire event has pointed to the need for Europe to look at how it can further diversify its energy sources". .........http://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-26746106
    26/3/14

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  2. EU-US Summit: Joint Statement. -The White House...

    We, the leaders of the European Union and the United States, met today in Brussels to reaffirm our strong partnership. We reaffirmed our shared values of democracy, individual freedom, the rule of law and human rights, and a common commitment to open societies and economies. Starting from those values, the European Union and the United States work together every day to address issues of vital interest and importance to our citizens and the world. We strive to create jobs and sustainable growth through sound economic policies. We seek a landmark Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership to build our common prosperity. We undertake joint efforts to build security and stability around the globe and to tackle pressing global challenges like climate change. Today, we took stock of our achievements, set priorities and charted the way ahead for a stronger transatlantic relationship, and rededicated ourselves to building a safer, more prosperous world for future generations.
    Today in Ukraine, the basic principles of international law and security in the 21st century are being challenged. The EU and the United States support the Ukrainian people and their right to choose their own future and remain committed to uphold the sovereignty and territorial integrity of Ukraine. We strongly condemn the illegal annexation of Crimea to Russia and will not recognise it. We urge Russia to engage in a meaningful dialogue with Ukraine with a view to finding a political solution. Further steps by Russia to destabilise the situation in Ukraine would lead to additional and far reaching consequences for the EU's and United States' relations with Russia in a broad range of economic areas. The EU and the United States stand by the Ukrainian government in its efforts to stabilise Ukraine and undertake reforms, including through assistance. We welcome the Ukrainian government's commitment to ensure that governmental structures are inclusive and reflect regional diversity and to provide full protection of the rights of persons belonging to national minorities.
    Reinforcing economic growth and job creation remains central. The EU and the United States have taken important steps to stabilize financial conditions and overcome the crisis. The EU remains committed to building a deep and genuine economic and monetary union, including a banking union on which significant progress has already been made. Determined action by the EU and the United States is vital to support the recovery in the short run and to promote sustainable and balanced growth, to boost competiveness and to reduce unemployment, especially of young people.
    We commit to continue our efforts through the G-20 to promote strong, sustainable and balanced growth across the global economy by developing comprehensive growth strategies for the Brisbane Summit. We aim at implementing the G-20 commitments to create a more stable financial system. Fiscal sustainability in advanced economies remains critical for a stronger and sustainable recovery. We also welcome the ambitious G-20 agenda to fight tax evasion..............http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2014/03/26/eu-us-summit-joint-statement
    26/3/14

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  3. Ukraine, Energy Highlight Obama EU Talks ....

    BRUSSELS — President Obama continues his efforts to build support among European allies against Russia's takeover of the Crimea region of Ukraine. At an EU summit - his first in Brussels - the U.S. leader said the Ukraine crisis is highlighting the need for Europe to diversify its energy sources.

    Obama’s trip to the heart of Europe comes at a crucial time, when the U.S. is leading efforts to isolate Russia in an attempt to prevent Russian forces from going deeper into Ukraine - or to other nations in the region.

    Obama made it a point to show that U.S. ties to Europe run deep.

    The president started his day in Belgium with a visit to Flanders Field outside Brussels and laid a wreath at a cemetery where more than 1,000 U.S. soldiers killed in World War One are buried.

    It was on to a lunch meeting with European leaders that officials said was aimed at reaffirming the U.S.-European partnership.

    They talked about tightening sanctions if Russia encroaches further into Ukraine or other neighbors and about Europe's dependence on Russian oil and gas.

    At a joint news conference with European Council leaders, Obama said that dependence is a point of vulnerability that European leaders need to examine.

    “Energy is obviously a central focus of our efforts and we have to consider very strongly. This entire event, I think, has pointed to the need for Europe to look at how it can further diversify its energy sources,” said Obama................http://www.voanews.com/content/ukraine-energy-highlight-obama-eu-talks/1879728.html
    26/3/14

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  4. Obama, a los socios de la OTAN: 'Ucrania nos recuerda que la libertad no es gratis'...

    Recuerda a la UE que debe tomar decisiones sobre su estrategia energética
    ----
    El presidente estadounidense, Barack Obama, ha reclamado a los socios de la OTAN un mayor compromiso para garantizar su seguridad frente a las amenazas externas. "La situación en Ucrania nos recuerda que libertad no es gratis", ha advertido en la sede del Consejo Europeo durante su primera visita a las instituciones comunitarias.

    "Tenemos que asegurarnos que tenemos auténticos planes de contingencia para todos los Estados miembros y debemos asegurar una mayor presencia en los países que son más vulnerables", ha dicho el líder estadounidense, preocupado porque algunos países han reducido sus presupuestos de Defensa. "Todo el mundo debe contribuir porque hay que costear el personal, los activos y los entrenamientos necesarios para tener una OTAN creíble".

    Después de una reunión de apenas una hora y media con los presidentes del Consejo Europeo, Herman Van Rompuy, y de la Comisión, Jose Manuel Durão Barroso, el presidente de EEUU visitará el cuartel general de la OTAN y mantendrá un encuentro con su secretario general, Anders Fogh Rasmussen. Obama ve prematuro la incorporación de otros países, como Ucrania, en la Alianza Atlántica, pero ha vuelto a recordar el compromiso de su país y de la Unión Europea para garantizar la seguridad en la zona. ...........http://www.elmundo.es/internacional/2014/03/26/5332f7c3268e3edc3b8b4576.html
    26/3/14

    ReplyDelete
  5. Remarks by President Obama and NATO Secretary General Rasmussen Before Meeting. - The White House...

    PRESIDENT OBAMA: Well, let me just say how much I appreciate the opportunity once again to meet with Secretary General Rasmussen. I have to say that in the entire time that he has served in this position he has done an outstanding job. His leadership, his vision, his clarity, and his political skills -- because there are a lot of NATO members -- have all been on display, and as a consequence, the Transatlantic Alliance is stronger, more robust than it was without him. And so we’re very grateful for his extraordinary work.

    At a time when the situation in Ukraine I think has focused everyone’s attention on the importance of the transatlantic relationships, we spent most of our discussion reaffirming the importance of NATO, that it is the bedrock of America’s security as well as European security. We share the view that Russia’s illegal incursion into Ukraine and the violations of territorial integrity and sovereignty have to be condemned, but it also reminds us that the NATO commitments that we’ve made under Article 5 are something that are not just items on a piece of paper, but are critically important to all NATO members. And we have to have the resources and preparation to make sure that every member of NATO feels confident in Article 5’s effect.

    We’ve already made a series of decisions to help underscore the importance of NATO and collective defense in the wake of what has happened in Ukraine. There will be a ministerial summit coming up at which I have asked the United States delegation to work cooperatively with the Secretary General’s office and evaluate all the additional steps that we might take in order to bolster that confidence among all NATO members.

    And we also talked about a project that the Secretary General has been working on for quite some time to continue to develop the joint capabilities of NATO. And I think that at this moment, as I said at the press conference earlier today, both the United States and Europe are going to have to make sure that we are stepping up our game and making the contributions that are required in order for us to give full effect to our NATO obligations...............http://www.whitehouse.gov/the-press-office/2014/03/26/remarks-president-obama-and-nato-secretary-general-rasmussen-meeting
    26/3/14

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  6. Obama convaincu que les valeurs démocratiques finiront par triompher ....

    Le président américain Barack Obama s'est dit mercredi convaincu que les valeurs communes défendues par les Etats-Unis et l'Europe finiront par triompher, tout en adressant un nouvel avertissement à la Russie pour l'annexion de la péninsule ukrainienne de Crimée.......http://www.rtbf.be/info/belgique/detail_obama-convaincu-que-les-valeurs-democratiques-finiront-par-triompher?id=8232187
    26/3/14

    ReplyDelete

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