Thursday, August 15, 2013

«Προσεκτική» επέτειος της παράδοσης της Ιαπωνίας

Την 68η επέτειο από την παράδοσή της κατά τον 'Β Παγκόσμιο Πόλεμο τιμά σήμερα η Ιαπωνία σε μία περίοδο έντασης με τις γειτονικές της χώρες. 
 Ο πρωθυπουργός Σίνζο Άμπε αποφάσισε να μην επισκεφθεί το μαυσωλείο Γιασουκούνι -στη μνήμη των 2,5 εκατομμυρίων νεκρών του πολέμου- εξαιτίας της ανησυχίας ότι πιθανή επίσκεψή του θα προκαλούσε περαιτέρω ένταση στις σχέσεις της Ιαπωνίας με τις γειτονικές της χώρες, κυρίως την Κίνα και τη Νότια Κορέα. Μεταξύ άλλων και οι ΗΠΑ έχουν εκφράσει ανησυχία για τις εθνικιστικές απόψεις του Άμπε και ορισμένων μελών του υπουργικού του συμβουλίου. 

 
Οι επισκέψεις στο μνημείο αυτό από κορυφαίους πολιτικούς έχουν προκαλέσει την οργή του Πεκίνου και της Σεούλ στο παρελθόν, καθώς το μαυσωλείο έχει ανεγερθεί όχι μόνο στη μνήμη των θυμάτων του πολέμου, αλλά και 14 Ιαπώνων ηγετών της εποχής εκείνης που καταδικάστηκαν ως εγκληματίες πολέμου από Συμμαχικό Δικαστήριο. Ωστόσο, τουλάχιστον δύο υπουργοί της κυβέρνησης και 88 βουλευτές επισκέφθηκαν το μαυσωλείο.

Η Κίνα κάλεσε τον πρεσβευτή της Ιαπωνίας για να του εκφράσει τη δυσαρέσκειά της για την επίσκεψη των δύο Ιαπώνων υπουργών στο αμφιλεγόμενο μνημείο των πεσόντων στο Τόκιο, ανακοίνωσε το κινεζικό υπουργείο Εξωτερικών. Η επίσκεψή τους στο μνημείο Γιασουκούνι "πλήττει σφοδρά τα αισθήματα του λαού της Κίνας και άλλων ασιατικών χωρών που υπήρξαν θύματα (του πολέμου)", αναφέρει σε ανακοίνωσή του το υπουργείο. Το μνημείο Γιασουκούνι αποτελεί σύμβολο του ιαπωνικού μιλιταρισμού για το Πεκίνο. 

Ο Άμπε σήμερα απέστειλε στεφάνι στο Γιασουκούνι, ενώ επισκέφθηκε το Εθνικό Κοιμητήριο στο Τόκιο, όπου κατέθεσε στεφάνι στη μνήμη των Ιαπώνων στρατιωτών που έχασαν τη ζωή τους στον πόλεμο. Στη διάρκεια τελετής που πραγματοποιήθηκε στο Τόκιο ενώπιον του αυτοκράτορα Ακιχίτο και της αυτοκράτειρας Μιτσίκο, ο Άμπε απέτισε φόρο τιμής στα θύματα του πολέμου και εξέφρασε την ελπίδα του για μία διαρκή ειρήνη, αλλά όχι και την λύπη του για τα δεινά που υπέστη η Ασία στη διάρκεια του πολέμου. 
 http://www.enet.gr
15/8/13
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3 comments :

  1. Japan PM Shinzo Abe visits war shrine and draws rebuke from China.....

    TOKYO — Prime Minister Shinzo Abe visited a shrine honoring Japan's war dead Thursday in a move that drew a quick rebuke from China warning that already poor relations would worsen.

    The visit to the shrine, which honors 2.5 million war dead including convicted class A war criminals, appears to be a departure from Abe's "pragmatic" approach to foreign policy, in which he tried to avoid alienating neighboring countries.

    It was the first visit by a sitting prime minister since Junichiro Koizumi went to mark the end of World War II in 2006.

    Visits to Yasukuni by Japanese politicians have long been a point of friction with China and South Korea, because of Japan's brutal aggression during World War II.

    Abe, wearing a formal black jacket with tails and striped, gray pants, spent about 15 minutes at the Shinto shrine in central Tokyo. TV cameras followed him inside the shrine property, but were not allowed in the inner shrine where he paid respects to the war dead.

    "I prayed to pay respect for the war dead who sacrificed their precious lives and hoped that they rest in peace," he told waiting reporters immediately afterward.

    He said criticism that Yasukuni visits are an act of worshipping war criminals is based on a misunderstanding.

    "Unfortunately, a Yasukuni visit has largely turned into a political and diplomatic issue," he said, adding, "I have no intention to neglect the feelings of the people in China and South Korea."

    Chinese Foreign Ministry spokesman Qin Gang issued a strong rebuke in a statement posted on the ministry's website.

    "We strongly protest and seriously condemn the Japanese leader's acts," Qin said.

    He called visits to Yasukuni "an effort to glorify the Japanese militaristic history of external invasion and colonial rule ... and to challenge the outcome of World War II."

    He added: "Japanese leaders are not only showing no moderation but have doubled their efforts and created a serious incident on historical issues. This poses a major political obstacle in the improvement of bilateral relations. Japan must take responsibility for all the consequences that this creates."

    Thursday's visit came on the first anniversary of Abe's taking office as prime minister. Abe, who had visited previously when he was not prime minister, had expressed extreme regret over his decision not to visit Yasukuni during an earlier one-year term in office in 2006-2007........http://www.ctvnews.ca/world/japan-pm-shinzo-abe-visits-war-shrine-and-draws-rebuke-from-china-1.1607963#ixzz2oYSU9000

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  2. Japanese PM Abe's visit to shrine draws condemnation from China, South Korea...

    China strongly condemned Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe's visit to the flashpoint Yasukuni shrine in Tokyo Thursday, saying it glorified Japan's "history of militaristic aggression."

    "We strongly protest and seriously condemn the Japanese leader's acts," foreign ministry spokesman Qin Gang said in a statement immediately after Abe's visit to the shrine, the first by an incumbent Japanese prime minister since 2006.

    China would make "solemn representations" to Tokyo over his actions, the ministry said, and the Japanese embassy in Beijing said a meeting between Chinese Vice Premier Liu Yandong and visiting Japanese lawmakers had been cancelled..............http://www.globalpost.com/dispatch/news/regions/asia-pacific/japan/131226/china-south-korea-condemn-japanese-pm-abe-shrine-visit
    26/12/13

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  3. South Korea, China Slam Japan War Shrine Visits...

    Japan's prime minister sent a symbolic offering to a controversial war shrine, an act that brought immediate condemnation from South Korea and China.

    Although Prime Minister Shinzo Abe did not visit the Yasukuni Shrine himself Friday, two of his cabinet ministers did.

    In Seoul, South Korean President Park Geun-hye said some Japanese politicians were acting in a way that hurts both countries.

    A commentary from China's Xinhua news agency said Japan is sowing the seeds of another war.

    The Yasukuni Shrine commemorates Japan's 2.5 million war dead, including 14 convicted World War II war criminals.

    Many in South Korea and China, which bore the brunt of Japan's militaristic past, see the visits to the shrine as evidence that Tokyo is unrepentant for atrocities committed in their countries.
    http://www.voanews.com/content/south-korea-china-slam-japan-war-shrine-visits/2414186.html
    15/8/14

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