Δευτέρα, 29 Σεπτεμβρίου 2014

Obama says U.S. underestimates rise of Islamic State. (also blamed the civil war in Syria for giving rise to the group)

WASHINGTON, Sept. 28 (Xinhua) -- The United States underestimated the rise of the Islamic State now running amok in Iraq and Syria while overrating the Iraqi military's ability to fight the extremist group, President Barack Obama acknowledged in an interview to be aired on Sunday night.

"That's true, that's absolutely true," the president told the CBS News "60 Minutes" program, echoing an assessment made by Director of National Intelligence James Clapper a couple of days ago.

"Jim Clapper has acknowledged that I think they underestimated what had been taking place in Syria," Obama said in remarks seen as his most candid to date about the rapid rise of the Islamic State, also known as ISIL/ISIS, that proclaimed in late June a caliphate in vast areas it had seized in both Syria and Iraq.

American warplanes started pounding the group's targets in Iraq and Syria respectively on Aug. 8 and Sept. 22, with separate help from France and Arabian countries.

In excerpts from the interview released on CBS website, Obama also blamed the civil war in Syria for giving rise to the group.

In defense of his military approach, the president said: "We just have to push them back, and shrink their space, and go after their command and control, and their capacity, and their weapons, and their fueling, and cut off their financing, and work to eliminate the flow of foreign fighters."

He stressed, however, a political solution to the conflicts in Iraq and Syria.

"What we also have to do is we have to come up with political solutions in Iraq and Syria, in particular, but in the Middle East generally that arrive in the combination between Sunni and Shia populations that right now are the biggest cause of conflict, not just in the Middle East, but in the world," he remarked.

Though U.S. Congress has approved Obama's plan to train and arm vetted Syrian rebels for them to fight the Islamic State on the ground, Speaker of the House of Representatives John Boehner said the president's goal of degrading and ultimately destroying the group cannot be achieved without sending in ground troops.

"At the end of the day I think it's going to take more than air strikes to drive them out of there," the speaker told ABC's "This Week" program on Sunday, adding "At some point somebody's boots have to be on the ground. That's the whole point."

Asked if he would recommend putting American boots on the ground, an idea Obama has voiced opposition to time and again, Boehner replied: "We have no choice. These are barbarians. They intend to kill us, and if we don't destroy them first, we're going to pay the price."



3 σχόλια :

  1. Obama says US underestimated rise of ISIL ...US president says Washington, in contrast, overestimated the Iraqi army's ability to counter armed groups....

    US intelligence agencies have underestimated the activity of armed groups inside Syria, which has become "ground zero" for them worldwide, US President Barack Obama has said in an interview aired by American CBS television.

    Conversely, the US overestimated the ability of the Iraqi army to fight the groups, Obama said in the interview taped on Friday and aired on Sunday, days after the US president globally made his case for action in a speech at the UN General Assembly in New York.

    Citing earlier comments by James Clapper, director of national intelligence, Obama acknowledged that US intelligence underestimated what had been taking place in Syria..................http://www.aljazeera.com/news/americas/2014/09/obama-says-us-underestimated-isil-20149292294266506.html

  2. Le président américain a admis dimanche que les Etats-Unis avaient sous-estimé le fait que le chaos en Syrie pourrait fournir un terrain propice à l'émergence de groupes djihadistes aussi dangereux que l'organisation l'Etat islamique (EI). S'exprimant sur la chaîne CBS News, il a qualifié la Syrie de "Ground Zero pour les djihadistes à travers le monde"....

    "Le chef de notre renseignement Jim Clapper a reconnu qu'ils avaient sous-estimé ce qui se passait en Syrie", a-t-il dit en parlant du directeur du renseignement national. Interrogé pour savoir si Washington avait aussi sur-estimé la capacité ou la volonté de l'armée irakienne de combattre les djihadistes, le président américain a répondu : "C'est vrai, c'est tout à fait vrai".

    Ces commentaires sont extraits d'une interview de l'émission "60 minutes" de CBS, qui doit être diffusée intégralement dimanche soir. M. Obama a estimé que les propagandistes de l'EI étaient devenus "très calés" sur les médias sociaux et attiraient, en Europe, en Amérique, en Australie et dans les pays musulmans, de nouvelles recrues "qui croient en leurs inepties djihadistes".

    Il a ajouté que la solution était en partie militaire, en évoquant les raids aériens menées par la coalition anti-djihadiste formée par les Etats-Unis et leurs alliés, destinée à priver l'EI de ses territoires et ressources. Il a qualifié la Syrie de "Ground Zero pour les djihadistes à travers le monde". Mais il a estimé que la Syrie et l'Irak devaient aussi résoudre leurs crises politiques respectives. L'Irak se trouve divisé depuis le départ des troupes américaines entre une population sunnite et un gouvernement chiite, tandis que la Syrie est embourbée dans une guerre civile sanglante depuis 2011.

    "La Turquie ne peut rester en dehors de la coalition internationale"

    C'est la déclaration qu'a faite dimanche, à son tour, le président turc Tayyip Erdogan, dont le pays décidera la semaine prochaine de la nature de son implication. Depuis plusieurs mois, la position prudente de la Turquie contre l'EI décevait l'Occident, mais le récent voyage de Tayyip Erdogan aux Etats-Unis semble avoir changé la donne. "Nous mènerons des discussions avec les autorités concernées cette semaine. Nous serons là où nous nous devons d'être. Nous ne pouvons rester en dehors de ceci", a dit M. Erdogan dans un discours au Forum économique mondial, à Istanbul. Il a ajouté qu'une intervention terrestre pourrait être nécessaire........................http://www.rtbf.be/info/monde/detail_barack-obama-admet-avoir-sous-estime-la-menace-representee-par-le-groupe-ei?id=8365942

  3. Iran's President calls airstrikes on ISIS 'theater,' says broader campaign needed...

    (CNN) -- Airstrikes against ISIS militants are a "psychological operation," not a military one, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani told CNN's Christiane Amanpour in an interview that aired Friday.

    "It is a common threat for all of us," he said. "And this requires a unison effort from all of us."

    "We need a vast campaign of operations ... the aerial bombardment campaign is mostly, I would say, a form of theater, rather than a serious battle against terrorism."

    Iran and the United States have found their foreign policies surprisingly aligned in the past several months, as both try to beat back the advance of the Sunni extremists that have gained a foothold in Iraq and war-torn Syria.............http://edition.cnn.com/2014/09/26/world/meast/iran-president-amanpour-interview/index.html


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